Sleeve gastrectomy is a type of bariatric surgery. In the procedure of sleeve gastrectomy stomach is reduced to about 15% from its original price, it is done by removing a large portion of stomach with greater curvature that results in sleeve or tube like structure.The procedure is concerned with reducing size of the stomach, but the stomach could show some dilatations later. The procedure is generally performed laparoscopically and is irreversible.

Advantages of sleeve gastrectomy

1. An average of 66% excess weight loss
2. Improvement or remission of type 2 diabetes
3. Improvements in high blood pressure
4. Improvement in hyperlipidemia
5. Improvement in sleep apnea
6. Improvement in joint pain
7. Increases physical activity
8. Increases productivity
9. Increases self-confidence

Minimally invasive procedure leads to shorter hospital stays and recovery time

Many of the patients experienced improved or resolved health conditions after the surgery. The advantages of this surgery are on health are:

1.Type 2 diabetes controlled
2.High blood pressure resolved
3.High cholesterol improved
4.Obstructive sleep apnea resolved

Complications

1. Sleeve leaking (occurs 1 in 200 patients)
2. Blood clots
3. Wound infections
4. Strictures 
5. Aversion to food and nausea
6. Damage to the vagus nerve which will cause constant nausea
7. Gastroparesis, with a delay in moving food from the stomach to the small intestine
8. Vomiting
9. Oesophageal spasm/pain
10. Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)

Sleeve gastrectomy is safer than other commonly performed procedures, including gallbladder surgery.

All surgeries present risks. The risks of sleeve gastrectomy depends upon weight, age, and medical history, and patients should discuss these complications with their doctor and bariatric surgeon.

The aim of sleeve gastrectomy is to reduce the amount of food you eat. Sleeve gastrectomy does not guarantee weight loss. It is best to think of sleeve gastrectomy as a tool that you can use to help lose weight. To achieve weight loss, one has to take some dietary precautions. The following dietary guidelines will be necessary for a successful weight loss journey.

Stage 1 – The first week after surgery
Clear liquids only. These include:
1.Water
2.Decaf Tea
3.Broth

Stage 2 – Week 2
Full liquid diet with protein shakes.

Stage 3 – Week 3
Soft-pureed foods. These include:
1.Soups
2.Scrambled Eggs
3.Cottage Cheese

Stage 4 – Week 4
1.Soft foods.
2.Boiled chicken.
3.Fish
4.Cereal
5.Mashed potatoes.

Stage 5 – Week 5 and beyond
1.Introducing real foods.
2.Introduce small amounts of foods.
3.Chew well and eat slowly.
4.Eat 3 small meals a day.
5.Eat a small, healthy, nutrient dense food as a snack if needed.

Gastric sleeve surgery require maintenance. There are no tune-ups with a gastric sleeve. Once it’s done, it’s done. However, you do have to ensure you are doing the right things to create lasting weight loss.

It is very important that to follow the diet guidelines for the rest of the life. Falling back into old habits is easy. So you should do your part and maintain your weight.

Author's Bio: 

Know more about sleeve gasterectomy and the doctor to consult for the same on the below links :

https://www.logintohealth.com/procedure/mmr/sleeve-gastrectomy

https://www.logintohealth.com/appointment/bariatric-surgeon-and-obesity-...