Child’s Play.

Toys are among a child's priced possessions. Not only they entertain kids, but they also help them learn about the world around them. Early experiences with toys can have long lasting effects on a child.

There has been much debate about which Toys for Kids Online Shopping in Pakistan kind of are the best for children. Some argue that high-tech, electronic toys provide the best educational opportunities, while others say that simpler toys that require imagination and creativity teach a child to think for itself. But most children end up with a mixture of both types of toys and perhaps that approach gives them the best of both worlds.

Value of play-time in the life of a child

Play is an inevitable part of childhood because maximum amount of its time is spend in playing, eating and sleeping. During playing, the child learns many necessary things required in the life. It helps in the development of child’s physical and mental health. It expresses the child’s personality more effectively with its social developments. Ayurveda aacaryaas have given prime attention towards this aspect of life. When milestones like sitting, crawling, walking together with speech and enjoyment are being attained gradually the necessity of toys plays an important role.

Offering ceremony(Samsakaara)

The description of ceremony is available in Kaasyapa Samhitaa. Toys are introduced for first time to the child at 6th month after the birth, on an auspicious day along with phalapraasana. The toys first offered are in the shape of cow, elephant, camel, horse, sheep, lion, tiger and birds like swan, cock, and parrot. And also house, chariot, ball, etc. Toys are prepared by mixing flour of cereals, milk, ghee, honey. Toys are also prepared from gold, silver, copper, bronze, iron etc.

These types of toys prepared from food articles are offered only ones during the ceremony later own toys prepared from wooden things, cotton etc.

Qualities of ideal toys:

Ancient documents have explained about many qualities that a toy should have:

  • Vicithra(Colourful, unusual shape etc in different varieties)

Bright color, not only attracts children but maintain the interest of the baby in playing it with more curiosity.

  • Khoshavanta(sonorous)

It should be able to produce pleasant sound. Sounds, like bright color, attract the children since the innate curiosity are most aroused on stimulating the primary senses.

  • Ateekshnaagaara(should not be sharp edged)

Pointy features and edgy contours of the toys can cause harm to the baby.

  • Apraanahara(should not endanger the life of the child)

Some toys are made up of such harmful material or colors having many chemicals and licking such toys can cause toxic effect on the baby.

It is also explained that, toys should not be fearful either in sight or painful on touch, should not create fear in the mind of the baby and it should be light that baby can easy lift it and hold it for longer time even it falls on the child it should not cause any harm to it.

According to Vaagbhata, the shape of the toy should resemble to that of fruits and flowers along with the shape of animals. Because of this knowledge regarding the object increases. The different shape of toys provides intelligence. From the above references we come to know that in ancient period how much importance was given to the toys for entertainment and also its psychological impact on the mind of children was well understood.

From the above reference we will come to know that aacharyas have given much importance in the nature and qualities of toys which will further affect the child in all aspect both physical and mental. But now a day the condition changed the first step which made by the child itself in a danger. Most of the toys now in the market have many ill effects on the child. The biggest example for this are the cheap toys made in c-class industries in certain countries which are widely available in the market.

In the latest scare involving products imported from China, the Consumer Product Safety Commission has recalled millions of toys believed to contain dangerous amounts of lead paint. The toys that could contain poisonous amounts of lead in their surface paint.

Long-term exposure to lead, a naturally occurring metal used as materials to batteries, it can cause serious health problems, particularly in young kids. Lead is toxic to everyone, but newborn babies and young children are at greatest risk for health problems from lead poisoning — their smaller, growing bodies make them more susceptible to absorbing and retaining lead.

Why Lead is Harmful?

When the body is exposed to lead — by being inhaled, swallowed, or in a small number of cases, absorbed through the skin — it can act as a cumulative poison. Exposure to high levels of lead in a short period of time is called acute toxicity. Exposure to small amounts of lead over a long period of time is called chronic toxicity. Lead is particularly dangerous because once it gets into a person's system, it is distributed throughout the body just like helpful minerals such as iron, calcium, and zinc. And lead can cause harm wherever it lands in the body. In the bloodstream, for example, it can damage red blood cells and limit their ability to carry oxygen to the organs and tissues that need it, thus causing anemia.

Lead poisoning can cause irreversible brain damage resulting in lower intelligence quotient levels, hyperactivity, developmental delays and aggression. There is no safety level of lead for children. Lead can be found in contaminated soil, water, old paint, painted surface of pencils and even automobiles in which the kids go to school. Kids generally have a tendency to put their hands into their mouth and there may be a chance of consuming lead albeit unintentionally. Sometimes snacking in the parks can also lead to lead poisoning.

Lead poisoning

Lead poisoning (also known as plumbism, colica Pictonum, saturnism, Devon colic, or painter's colic) is a medical condition caused by increased levels of the heavy metal lead in the body. Lead interferes with a variety of body processes and is toxic to many organs and tissues including the heart, bones, intestines, kidneys, and reproductive and nervous systems. It interferes with the development of the nervous system and is therefore particularly toxic to children, causing potentially permanent learning and behavior disorders. Symptoms include abdominal pain, confusion, headache, anemia, irritability, and in severe cases seizures, coma, and death.

Conclusion:

Toy are an important tool for a better development of a child, but parents should be aware of merits and de merits of the material which are used in the molding of toys. While selecting toy one should not passionate about the status and economic condition and select a toy of minimum instrumentation.

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