Irritable bowel syndrome or IBS is a gastrointestinal disorder that normally affects the large intestine. Typical symptoms include abdominal pain with either diarrhea or constipation, and sometimes alternating between the two conditions. Other names for IBS are the spastic colon and irritable colon disorder. Women are more prone to IBS than men. The first symptoms usually occur in early adulthood. It is estimated anywhere between 9 to 12 Indians are affected by the disorder.

Very few people experience severe symptoms with IBS. Most people can control the condition with changes in their lifestyle and diet and by managing stress levels.

There are three types of IBS

Constipation-predominant – alternate between constipation with normal stool.
Diarrhea- predominant – diarrhea symptoms are experienced first thing in the morning or after a meal.
Alternate between diarrhea and constipation.
Symptoms

Abdominal pain is an important symptom of irritable bowel syndrome. It is accompanied by changing bowel habits. Symptoms are not constant and can change over a period.

Abdominal pain or cramps.
Diarrhea or constipation – sometimes occur alternating phases.
Bloating and passing excessive gas
Mucus in the stool.
Feeling that the bowel is not completely empty after motion.
You need a book a doctor in Patna if there is constant change in your bowel movement or show any other symptom of IBS. These symptoms may indicate a more serious condition such as colon cancer.

Cause

Doctors and researchers do not know the cause of irritable bowel syndrome is not known. Ziffytech is a platform where you can find a doctor and also you can book the best Urologist in Patna.

Genetics and past life experience may play a role in the disorder. You may show the symptoms of IBS because of colon motility (muscle contractions) and increased sensitivity to food. Factors which may play a role in the irritable colon disorder are:-

Infection – A case of gastroenteritis may cause IBS, even after the infection has cured.
Food intolerance – Food intolerance or allergies may trigger IBS. This may be due to poor absorption of sugar lactose is commonly activates the condition.
General diet – Low fiber diet can increase constipation in IBS patients.

Sometimes high spice or sugar levels can cause problems.
Emotional stress can affect the nerves of the bowel in some people.
Medication – certain medications (antibiotics, antacids, and painkillers) can cause diarrhea or constipation.
Hormones – Women get affected by IBS more than men. Symptoms can worsen during menstruation.
Diagnosis

The best doctor in Patna will review your medical history, conduct an in-depth physical exam. If you have diarrhea with IBS the doctor near me may want to rule out gluten intolerance. The best physicians in Patna may use the following tests to diagnose the condition:-

Rome Criteria includes abdominal pain and discomfort lasting for at least one day a week for at least three months. The criteria are associated with the following symptoms:-
Pain relieved after defecation
Pain linked with an increase or decrease in stool frequency
The consistency of the stool is either hard or soft.
Manning Criteria focuses on the pain relieved by passing stool, inconsistent stool, mucus in stool, and incomplete bowel movement.
The best physicians in Patna look for symptoms and signs which are considered as red flags or alarm signs

Anemia
Blood in stool
Inexplicable weight loss
Fever
Family history of Celiac disease or colon cancer.
These signs and symptoms may indicate some other news. The physician near me may order imaging tests such as flexible sigmoidoscopy, colonoscopy, and X-ray or CT scans. Ziffytech provides blood tests at home at a very affordable price.

They may order the following laboratory tests:-

Lactose intolerance tests
Breath analysis for bacteria overgrowth
Upper endoscopy
Stool tests
Treating

There is no treatment for irritable bowel syndrome. The best doctors in Patna aim to relieve symptoms. They may suggest lifestyle changes. The doctor will help you identify and avoid triggers.

Treatment may include

Increase the fiber content in your diet.
Reduce or eliminate gas-producing food
Reduce or eliminate dairy food.
Medication to improve symptoms such as antidiarrhea medications, pain-relieving medication, constipation relieving medication, and antispasmodic medication to ease cramping.

The best doctors in Patna will tell you to avoid stress and try to establish a routine for your meals.

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