Arthritis of the foot is a chronic condition that is caused by inflammation in the cartilage of the joints. There are many causes of arthritis, like wear and tear that can occur after an injury that took a long time before it was treated. Infection in the joint caused by bacteria or viruses can also cause arthritis. Some diseases of the gastrointestinal system like ulcerative colitis can also cause arthritis and so can some medications.

Pain that is caused by arthritis can make you avoid using that joint, causing you to be physically inactive and this can cause the joints to become stiff and the muscles to become weak. Arthritis is a lifelong condition but you can benefit from pain management at Colorado Springs arthritic footcare to enable you to cope with the condition.

What Types of Arthritis can Affect the Foot?

Different types of arthritis can affect the foot including osteoarthritis, a type that commonly affects the foot and causes wear and tear of the joint. Osteoarthritis develops gradually over a long period and commonly affects the ankle joint, the joints of the big toe, and the joints in the heel and middle of the foot. The degeneration that occurs in osteoarthritis can predispose you to bunions.

Gouty arthritis is another type of arthritis that causes the accumulation of uric acid crystals on the big toe. Uric acid is a product of metabolism that is usually excreted by the kidneys, but in this condition, it accumulates in the body. This condition mostly affects men and eating roast meat and beer is thought to increase the risk. It presents itself with unbearable pain and swelling of the big toe joint.

Rheumatoid arthritis is a serious condition that occurs when the body's immune system attacks the joints and occurs in symmetrical joints. It is more common in women and presents itself with severe pain, swelling, and reduced function of the joint. Arthritis can also occur after trauma to the joint which takes a long period to heal and Psoriasis can also cause arthritis in the foot.

A diagnosis of arthritis is made after the doctor takes a medical history of the symptoms and does a systemic exam. The doctor also does a local examination of the affected joint looking for signs of inflammation like redness, swelling, and reduced range of motion. The doctor may order imaging tests like X-rays to look for underlying issues such as fractures. Arthritis can be managed by lifestyle modification, painkillers, or surgery.

How Can You Take Care of Arthritis at Home?

You can reduce the pain caused by arthritis by avoiding straining the joint as this will cause further irritation. Avoiding the triggers of arthritis, like alcohol and roast meat will help manage the symptoms. It is also advisable to manage your weight to avoid putting stress on the joints or causing further damage.

Ensure that you wear comfortable shoes that do not compress the affected joint. You can use cold compresses or a foot massage to reduce pain in the joint. You can also use mild painkillers to manage pain. Never shy away from using a walking stick if you are unable to stand on your foot. You can do exercises like Achilles and big toe stretch to manage the symptoms. Consult a doctor if you experience severe symptoms.

Arthritis is a chronic condition that is caused by inflammation in the joints and presents itself with pain, redness, and reduced mobility of the joint. The symptoms of arthritis in the foot can be managed by wearing comfortable shoes, weight management, and mild exercise. You should consult a doctor if you experience severe symptoms.

Author's Bio: 

Marina Pal is a renowned author and social media enthusiast.