Knee pain
Knee pain is a common musculoskeletal grumbling looked by individuals everything being equal. It very well may be because of injury or a hidden condition. It very well may be because of hidden conditions, for example, arthritis, gout. Some knee contaminations can likewise cause knee pain. Knee pain can begin in any of the hard structures including the knee joint, the kneecap or the tendons and ligaments of the knee. Heftiness and absence of muscle quality and adaptability can prompt knee pain.
Signs and Symptoms of Knee Pain
The symptoms of knee pain include:
 Swelling and stiffness
 Redness and warmth in the knee
 Weakness
 Popping or crunching noises
 Inability to straighten the knee
 Difficulty walking due to instability
 Limping
 Difficulty walking up or down steps
 Unable to bend the knee
 Inability to extend the knee
 Pain in knee cap
Causes of Knee Pain
There are different knee pain causes such as injuries, mechanical problems, different types of arthritis and other problems. Over usage of the knee joint triggers the knee pain. Knee injuries affect ligaments, tendons, bursae, bones, cartilage, and ligaments.
Diagnosis of Knee Pain
The knee pain conclusion principally includes a physical assessment of the knee. During the physical test, the specialist examines the knee for growing, pain, delicacy, warmth and obvious wounding. The scope of movement of knee is checked by moving the leg in various ways. The specialist likewise assesses the uprightness of the knee by pushing on or pulling the knee joint. Some imaging tests that are utilized for analysis of knee pain are:
X-ray: An X-ray of the bones is suggested to detect knee bone fractures and degenerative joint diseases which are leading to knee pain.
CT scan: Cross-sectional images of the whole body are taken by X-rays. It helps to diagnose bone problems and detect loose bodies.
Ultrasound: High-frequency sound waves are used to produce images of soft tissue structures within and around the knee. These images help in detecting damages and underlying conditions.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI): High-frequency radio waves along with a powerful magnet are used to create three-dimensional images of the inside of the knee. These images reveal injuries of the soft tissues such as ligaments, tendons, cartilage, and muscles.
Arthrocentesis is the process of removal of fluid present in between the joints. The fluid is evaluated in the laboratory for the presence of infections and to identify the underlying conditions such as gout or different types of arthritis.
Treatment of Knee Pain
Injections: Knee pain can be reduced by injecting some medications such as corticosteroids into the knee joint directly. It helps in relieving the pain and other symptoms of knee pain. In some cases, hyaluronic acid (acts as lubricating fluid) is injected into the joints directly. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is also injected to reduce inflammation and promote healing. It is useful in mild arthritis.
Surgery: Surgery may be suggested sometimes if an injury in the knee responsible for the pain. Some of the surgeries include:
Arthroscopic surgery: It is used to remove loose bodies from the knee joint, remove or repair damaged cartilage, and reconstruct torn ligaments which inturn manages the knee joint pain. It is performed by using a fiber-optic camera and long, narrow tool. It is inserted by making small incisions around the knee.
Partial Knee Replacement Surgery: In this procedure, the damaged portion of the knee is replaced with parts made of metal and plastic. It is usually performed through small incisions on the knee.
Total Knee Replacement Surgery: In this procedure, the damaged bone and cartilage from the thighbone, shinbone and kneecap are replaced with an artificial joint which is made of metal alloys, high-grade plastics, and polymers.
At The Knee Klinik Hospital, we render specialized services in all areas of orthopedic, which include Joint Replacement, Arthroscopy, Spinal Surgery, Rheumatology. Dr. Anshu Sachdev is pro geniuses of The Knees Klinik Hospital in Pune,India.
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