Suppose if you visit your favorite brand that is selling its fancy clothing articles at 70% sale but yet you purchase anything because all the stock was having some defects that’s why the brand was selling it at a discounted price. For sure you might get frustrated and never rely upon that brand if their products ever seemed to be affordable to you because your trust has been lost. An organization needs to sustain its reputation in the market to gain the trust of customers and allowing them to rely merely on your products for their future needs. The software development industry is a very complex one as it’s hard for organizations to maintain their names in the market by enabling both innovation and product quality. There’s fierce competition among the market to better serve the end-users expectations of the unique feature set as well their product quality requirements.

But some organizations often ignore enhancing their product quality to come up with a unique product feature set. However, in the customer point of view quality is considered to be above all aspects. When an organization plans to develop a software product or an app it undergoes a series of processes but the most important process is that of quality inspection or software testing, that is frequently either skipped by the organizations or even if any of the organization conducts testing, their efforts or energies lack. This weakness of organizations accounts for them to face challenges like product defects in the later stages of the software development life cycle. Then even if organizations implement the use of high-level defect management tools, the results won’t be totally in favor because early detection or early testing is always fruitful.

But how these software defects take place? How they occur and then become a great threat for organizations? Let’s discuss some of the rationales behind the occurrence of these software product and app defects;

Bad communication means a bunch of defects in the early stages - When there lies a gap of communication between team members, misconceptions regarding requirements and expectations takes place. And these misconceptions may result in errors and defects even in the early stage of the software development life-cycle like coding. These defects if not treated timely or being tested at the same time they’ve been encountered then they may come to show up as a great threat in the later stages or after the product gets released.

To err is human - The only difference lies between humans and machines is that of making errors. Undoubtedly an organization may have some expert human resources in its quality assurance team yet the threat of defect occurrence is always there because humans are prone to make mistakes. Therefore it is hard to 100% guarantee that there will not be any defect in any of the stages of the software development life-cycle. But despite the possibility of human-induced errors, humans continue to develop a better product than any other non-human agent because of their critical thinking abilities and curious minds. So, unless we find one that can do the job better than humans, we need to rely on human intelligence and thus risk the chance of errors.

Faults in the set of requirements - With the increasing complexity to develop software products and applications, a need for R&D and critical thinking sessions are very much important in this regard. A good and proper set of requirements are an essential part of a successful software testing process. If requirements lack anything then be ready to face issues and defects that would play a great role in haunting you.

Inappropriate coding - As discussed earlier, a product is heavily dependent upon the initial stage of its development. If there lies an error or defect in the initial stage i.e coding then your whole product can be failed. This involves bad coding practices, such as unhandled errors, missing exceptions, and incorrect input validation, and the use of bad tools (for example, the wrong compiler, debugger, validator, etc. used by some programmers) – all of them may cause errors. In the code, it may be difficult to debug. Sometimes, it may just be because of coding errors that the error seeps into the code.

Third-party inappropriateness - One of the highlighting reasons behind the occurrence of software defects in the services you acquire from third parties. It can be a possibility i.e the tools you acquire from the third party organization for tracking defects or managing tests might have errors in them and the use of those tools can transmit those errors to your software project as well.

Beware of all aforementioned possibilities if you want your software products and apps to be a great hit and free of defects and errors.

Author's Bio: 

As a Senior Marketing Consultant at Kualitatem, Ray Parker loves to write tech-related news, articles, specifically quality assurance and information security. Apart from his techie appearance, he enjoys soccer, reading mysteries, and spending long hours working over at the New York office.