Sometimes it feels like we've been running Google's mobile OS on our Android devices indefinitely. But, it has actually been 10 years because the first official Android cellphone made its debut for customers to purchase in shops. Google's choice to create Android a open source OS let it become popular with third-party phone makers.
Just a few years after the launch of Android 1.0, Smartphones that had the OS installed were anywhere. Now it is now the most common mobile OS on the planet, beating its many competitors like Symbian, BlackBerry, Palm OS, webOS, and Windows Phone. Apple's iOS is the only platform still standing as a serious competitor to Android, which situation does not look like it will change anytime soon.
The founding of Android
In October 2003, well ahead of the term"smartphone" was used by the majority of the people, and several years before Apple announced its first iPhone and its own iOS, the company Android Inc was founded in Palo Alto, California. Its four founders were Rich Miner, Nick Sears, Chris White, and Andy Rubin. At the time of its own public foundation, Rubin has been quoted as stating that Android Inc was likely to develop"smarter mobile devices that are more mindful of its owner's location and preferences."
While that sounds like the basic description of a smartphone, Rubin revealed in a 2013 speech in Tokyo that Android OS was originally supposed to enhance the operating systems of digital cameras, as reported by PC World. The business made pitches to investors in 2004 that revealed how Android, installed to a camera, would connect wirelessly to a PC. This PC would then link to an"Android Datacenter," where camera owners could store their photos online on a cloud server.
Obviously, the team at Android did not think at first about producing an OS that could function as the center of a whole mobile computing system by itself. But back then, the market for standalone digital cameras was declining, and a couple of months later, Android Inc decided to change gears towards utilizing the OS inside mobile phones. As Rubin said in 2013,"The specific same platform, the specific same operating system we constructed for cameras, that became Android for cellphones."
Back in 2005, the next major chapter in Android's background was created when the original business was acquired by Google. Rubin and other founding members stayed on to continue to develop the OS under their new owners. The decision was made to utilize Linux as the basis for the Android OS, and that meant that Android itself could be offered to third party cell phone manufacturers for free. Google and the Android staff believed that the company could make money offering other services that used the OS, such as programs.
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Rubin remained at Google as head of the Android group until 2013, when Google announced he'd be leaving that division. In late 2014, Rubin abandoned Google completely and launched a startup business incubator. Before in 2017, Rubin formally revealed his return into the smartphone sector together with his company's announcement of the Android-based Essential Phone.
Preparing for the launch of Android 1.0
At the time, Google was still working on Android in secret, but in November of the year, the company slowly begun to show its plans to fight Apple and other mobile platforms. It utilized the creation of what was called the Open Handset Alliance, which included phone makers like HTC and Motorola, processor manufacturers such as Qualcomm and Texas Instruments, and carriers including T-Mobile.
Our vision is the powerful platform we're unveiling will electricity thousands of different phone models."
Google allegedly had at least two alpha builds of Android released internally before the company launched the public beta of version 1.0 for developers Nov. 5, 2007, around the same time it announced the Open Handset Alliance. It also developed its own internal reference handset, code-named"Sooner," which was never released to the general public. As you can see, the total appearance of this phone was more like BlackBerry's handsets compared to the iPhone, at a time when many people were skeptical about"touchscreen only" apparatus.
In Sept. 2008, the very earliest Android smartphone was announced, the T-Mobile G1, also known as the HTC Dream in different parts of earth. It went on sale at the U.S. Oct. of the year. The telephone, with its pop up 3.2-inch touchscreen combined with a QWERTY physical computer keyboard, was not exactly a design marvel. Indeed, the phone got bad reviews overall from technology media outlets. The device didn't have a standard 3.5 mm headphone jack, which unlike today, was pretty much a de facto cellphone feature among Android's competition.
On the other hand, the Android 1.0 OS interior already had the trademarks of Google's business plan for the OS. It integrated a number of the organization's other products and services, such as Google Maps, YouTube, along with an HTML browser (pre-Chrome) that, clearly, used Google's search solutions. It also had the first version of Android Market, the program shop that Google proudly stated would have"dozens of exceptional, first-of-a-kind Android applications." All of these features sound fairly primitive today, but this was only the beginning of Android's rise in the mobile device market.

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