The Thyroid is a small butterfly-shaped gland located at the base of your neck. The hormones produced by thyroid glands regulate our body's metabolism. Different types of thyroid disorders affect either its structure or function.

When your thyroid produces too many hormones the disorder called hyperthyroidism and when it is not produced enough it is called hypothyroidism.

Since the thyroid gland is controlled by the pituitary gland and hypothalamus, any disorder of these tissues can also affect thyroid function and it leads to a thyroid problem.


When there is an overproduction of hormones it is called hyperthyroidism. This condition is more common in women them man.

Excessive thyroid hormone production leads to symptoms such as

Thin skin
Brittle hair &nails

Hyperthyroidism can occur in several ways

Graves' disease
Toxic Adenomas
Cancerous growths in the thyroid

Diagnosis and Treatment

A blood test measures level of thyroid hormone and thyroid-stimulating hormones in the blood. A high amount of thyroxin and low THS level indicates that your thyroid gland is overactive.

Doctors suggested radioactive iodine as an injection and it measures how much of it your thyroid gland takes up. Treatment for hyperthyroidism destroy the thyroid gland and block it from producing its hormones.

Antithyroid drugs such as methimazole prevent the thyroid from its hormones. A large dose of radioactive iodine also damages the thyroid gland. Surgery can be performed to remove your thyroid gland. If you develop hypothyroidism then you need to take thyroid daily.


It is exactly the opposite of hypothyroidism. The thyroid gland can't produce enough of its hormones. In the USA around 4.6% of people are affected by this. Most cases of hypothyroidism are mild.

Symptoms of Hypothyroidism

Dry Skin
Memory Problems
Weight Gain
Slow heart rate

Diagnosis and Treatment

Blood tests need to perform to measure the TSH thyroid hormone level. High levels of TSH and low thyroxin level means that thyroid is underactive.

The main treatment of Hypothyroidism is to take thyroid hormones pills. It's important to take proper does because taking too much leads to hyperthyroidism.

Causes of hypothyroidism include

Hashimoto's thyroiditis
Removal of the thyroid gland

There is no special diet required for people with hypothyroid. In USA routine supplementation of salt flour and other food with iodine decrease the rate of hypothyroidism.

Author's Bio: 

Whitney McBride is the owner of MA'AM EXAMS.MA’AM EXAMS is a complete health care solution for women of all age group. Ma’am Exams offers you the best service by world’s best doctors who guide you and share their knowledge and expertise along with your journey. Ma’am Exams is a health clinic in USA specialising about women’s health, including menopause, digestive issue ,cool sculpting and thyroid disorder.