According to the World Health Organization (WHO), tobacco causes approximately 6 million deaths each year across the world. This figure is said to double by 2025. Cigarette consumption has been growing steadily it is estimated there over 5.5 trillion smokers worldwide.

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Facts on Global Smoking Epidemic
The tobacco epidemic kills 6 million people worldwide. The data includes 6, 00,000 passive smokers. They die from cancers, asthma, cardiovascular diseases, and other diseases. Tobacco has a risk factor of 6/8 as a leading cause of death around the world.
Unfortunately, the epidemic is shifting to the developing world and over 80% of deaths will occur in this region. Tobacco companies have strong marketing strategies to target young people and adults in the developing world. The new marketing strategy to target young women has also been implemented by these companies.
The tobacco epidemic is a manufactured epidemic and is completely preventable. Governments are unwilling to come out with policy decisions to reduce tobacco use.
Six effective policies that have been outlined in WHO’s MPOWER strategy:
Monitor tobacco use and prevention – In 2004, 5 million 30-year-olds died from direct tobacco use (smoking and smokeless) around the globe. This is a staggering statistic that translates to one death every six seconds. Many countries still do not have a mechanism to monitor tobacco use.
Protect people from tobacco smoke – Many countries worldwide still allow smoking in government offices, workspaces and other public places. Smoke-free policies in industrial countries have reduced tobacco consumption by 29%.
Offering programs to encourage people to quit using tobacco –It is difficult to overcome addiction without adequate support. Offering programs to treat tobacco addiction is available only in 5% of countries.
Warn people about the hazards of using tobacco – Graphical warnings about the harmful effects of tobacco used in 15 countries representing 6 % of the world population. Countries do not clamp down on tobacco companies from using misleading and deceptive advertising on their packs.
Enforce bans on tobacco advertising, endorsement, and sponsorship – Many countries have still not banned the free distribution of tobacco products. Studies have shown advertising ban has reduced tobacco consumption by 16%.
Raising taxation on tobacco – studies have shown increasing taxation on tobacco products by 10% has reduced consumption by 4% in high-income countries and 8% in low-and-middle-income countries.
Efforts by government agencies and WHO have helped studies show the number of men who smoke or use tobacco has stopped rising after years. This marks a shift in the global epidemic that has killed millions of people around the world. The WHO is very pleased with this downward trend and promises to work with countries to maintain the trend. Tobacco report covers the use of cigarettes, cigars, pipes, and smokeless tobacco products such as bidis, cheroots.

Millions of people die every year being first-hand users or being exposed to second-hand smoke. Due to sustained anti-smoking measures, 60 million fewer people smoked or used tobacco products than in 2000. According to WHO reports the number of tobacco users has been falling to 1.377 billion people worldwide in 2018 to 1.397 billion people in 2000. Previously the decline was attributed to fewer women and girls smoking. But the latest reports suggest the number of male tobacco users has stopped growing and are projected to decline. According to WHO projections by 2020, there will be 10 million fewer tobacco users overall.

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