Tonsil Stones or Tonsilloliths are hard yellowish deposits that build up inside the Tonsils.

Tonsils are the paired round red balls at the back of the throat, on each side, whose primary responsibility is to act as the body's first line of defence and trap Bacteria, Viruses etc that come through the oral cavity and initiate an immune response against them after recognizing them.

To improve the tonsil's efficiency in order to trap more Foreign agents the Tonsils increase their surface area by building Crypts and Furrows that lead deep into the gland. Food particles and other debris sometimes accumulate in these pits. This then gets secondarily infected because it contains organic material.

This inspissated debris lying inside the tonsil is a Tonsil Stone.

Tonsilloliths cause
- The appearance of yellowish particles inside the throat

- Foul Smell

- Pain - sometimes - in the presence of an infection

Remedy
First of all, it must be understood that Tonsil stones are harmless and rarely cause any serious problem.

Maintain Good Oro-Dental Hygiene - the bacteria that attack the teeth are the same ones that can cause infection in the tonsilloliths leading to the bad smell. So taking good care of your teeth and gums is important
Vigorous Gargling - Gargling with warm saline can dislodge the stones
Manual Removal- Though not generally recommended, in the presence of a persistent stone that is causing a foul smell as well as its unsightly appearance, one may use a bud or a soft tip to dislodge the stone from the tonsil. Be careful not to injure yourself though and if you fail do not make repeated attempts in order not to damage your Throat.
Tonsil Reshaping - Sometimes, under local anaesthesia, the Tonsil Surface can be reshaped using a Coblation wand.
Tonsil removal - Though not usually recommended, the only sure way of getting rid of recurrent or persistent Tonsilloliths may be by way of a Tonsillectomy Surgery when the Tonsils are removed under General Anaesthesia.

If you are looking for tonsil stone treatment then kindly visit our Centre: Address - D 3/14, Vasant Vihar, Lane opposite, Vasant Vihar Club, Opp Shri Ram School New Delhi, Delhi 110057. For an appointment - Please call at +919871150032.

Author's Bio: 

Dr (Major) R k Bhardwaj joined the armed forces medical college (afmc), Poona in 1978, and graduated as an MBBS in Oct 1982. From 1982 to 1997 he served in various capacities in the army medical corps including tours of duty at Siachen glacier and at Jaffna in Sri Lanka where he was intimately involved in the triage, management, and evacuation of battle casualties.
In 1987 he completed his diploma in ENT(DLO) from IGMC (mayo hospital) at Nagpur. From 1988 to 1990 he completed his ms in ENT from afmc at Poona where he was awarded the silver medal for standing first in ent in afmc. He was awarded the 'chief of army staff commendation card' for meritorious duty. From 1991 to 1993 he worked
as an ent specialist at Chandigarh where he performed a large number of ent surgeries and endoscopic procedures. In 1993 he was posted to army hospital (r&r hospital) the largest and most prestigious military medical establishment. He honed his surgical and diagnostic skills and was made a recognized postgraduate guide of the Delhi University.
In 1997 he left the army and has since then been in active practice. Apart from being attached to various prestigious hospitals of south Delhi including Sitaram Bhartiya institute, max med centre, Indian spinal injuries centre (Vasant Kunj) he has a well-equipped ent centre at Vasant vihar where he practices every evening.
Dr Bhardwaj is actively involved in his association affairs where he has been the editor of the news journal apart from being a member of the executive for many years. He was the secretary of the association in 2001-2002 and was the president of the All India association, Delhi branch from 2004 to 2005.
Dr Bhardwaj was the health consultant with the media group tv today network which includes "Aaj Tak and headlines today'. Presently he was health consultant with star news and was involved in bringing out the weekly health program called - 'Apna khayal rakhiyega'. Dr Bhardwaj was the doctor on a panel with the Shri ram school, Vasant vihar and has carried out the annual medical examinations at the heritage school and bloom public school. He contributes articles for the parenting magazine. the specialist at Chandigarh where he performed a large number of ent surgeries and endoscopic procedures.
In 1993 he was posted to army hospital (r&r hospital) the largest and most prestigious military medical establishment. He honed his surgical and diagnostic skills and was made a recognized postgraduate guide of the Delhi University.