The causes of a heart mitral valve disease can be variedly different. In some cases, heart valve disease can be the result of a cardiovascular disease or a clinical heart problem. Congenital reasons such as the deformed structure of the valve can also lead to the development of a heart mitral valve disease. Lifestyle-related problems are also a burgeoning cause of a heart mitral valve disease because the impact of diet we intake and our daily routine is prominent on the heart.

If a heart mitral valve disease is acquired due to birth reasons, it is better to get it diagnosed as soon as the symptoms are set in or if the client goes for regular medical check-ups then the results can be helpful in evaluating the condition of the mitral valve. In any case, a heart mitral valve disease due to a congenital reason is caused by the improper size of the mitral valve; the number of leaflets (cusps of the mitral valve) may be abnormal in shape or number. The majority of cases reported that the mitral valve was bicuspid in nature with the third leaflets not proper (or absent) in its function. In some case, the attachment of the leaflets with the annulus is not on-mark which also triggers the development of a heart mitral valve disease due to a faulty mitral valve.

Apart from the congenital reasons of a heart mitral valve disease, all the other cosies are acquired over the development of the individual. Considered as a common condition of a heart mitral valve disease , mitral valve prolapse results into the turning of its leaflets into the backward conditions. Though the manifestations of a mitral valve prolapse are not severe in nature and can be dealt without any treatment, in advance situations, it can lead to a leaky mitral valve and can cause enlargement of the valve tissue.

Another cause of an acquired heart mitral valve disease is the progression of rheumatic fever. A major problem with rheumatic fever is its development, though antibiotics are now provided during the childhood stage to curb its risk the manifestations of rheumatic fever are observed after twenty t forty years in the adulthood which also poses a threat to the success rates f the likewise treatment. Rheumatic fever results into mitral regurgitation because inflammation affects the mitral valve and the structure of its leaflets is disfigured and they stop to function properly.

The infection in the inner lining of the mitral valve (and the heart) which is medically termed as endocarditis is an underlying cause for resulting in a leaky mitral valve. Endocarditis is considered as a severe cardiovascular issue because its impact on the patient can be life-threatening in nature. Cardiologists state the growth of infection (bacteria can be acquired whilst surgeries also) reaches to the bloodstream which infers damage to the mitral valve, scarring in such cases is prominent.

Coronary artery disease and the fatal condition of heart attack aggravate the risk of acquiring a heart mitral valve disease. On similar lines, heart muscle disease such as cardiomyopathy is also responsible for triggering the progression of a heart mitral valve disease. During cardiomyopathy exert excessive pressures on the heart muscles which can even lead to a heart failure in the most complicated situations. Namely, cardiomyopathy can be categorised into dilated, hypertrophic, and restrictive cardiomyopathy.

Formation of aortic aneurysms can also complicate the working f the mitral valve by causing an abnormal bulge in the wall of the major blood vessel at ease of its fusiform or saccular structure. A faulty mitral valve can also be caused by the condition of hypertension which is also a treat to the health of the heart.

Once the cause of a heart mitral valve disease is diagnosed with detailed procedures of assessment, the doctors start to work upon the treatment plan which is contingent upon the type of the heart mitral valve disease, its impact on the patient, and the general well-being if the patient. Since the presence of a faulty mitral valve can further rigger other clinical cardiovascular problems, the doctors ensure that the treatment should protect the mitral valve from any further damage. If the manifestations of the heart mitral valve disease are moderate or severe in nature, the treatment includes the strategies to lessen tithe symptoms. As the last alternative, doctors perform mitral valve repair (or replacement surgery) to reinstate the normal condition of the mitral valve.

The underlying cause for any heart mitral valve disease is the insufficient working of the mitral valve which can be in response to many conditions. Primarily, a heart mitral valve disease is progressed when the unidirectional flow of blood is not maintained by the faulty mitral valve. Basically, the flow of blood is captured and directed by a normal functioning mitral valve (just like the other heart valves) and the leaflets of the mitral valve help in this function. When the leaflets of the mitral valve do not open or close properly, it can trigger an unwanted stretching of the valve tissues and lead to leakage in the mitral valve. The symptoms of a mitral valve prolapse are mild in nature so no such treatment is required. But if a heart mitral valve disease starts to interfere with the normal functioning of the heart, the cardiologists have to wok upon its repair which is often performed through a mitral valve repair surgery.

Author's Bio: 

The further course of the treatment of a heart mitral valve disease id always contingent upon the type of mitral valve disease and its cause. As per the determining factors, the treatment is motivated to protect the mitral valve from any further damage and to decrease the symptoms. Mitral valve repair surgery and mitral valve replacement surgery are performed to substitute the faulty mitral valve with an artificial one.
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