In the current time, the issues related to healthcare and lifestyle are gaining attention. Among many healthcare hurdles, infertility treatment openly known and discussed.

On top of that, if a childless couple needs Third-Party Reproductive services like egg donation and surrogacy process, the circumstances become more emotional and financially exhausting.

In urban setup, more and more couples are finding it difficult to have babies naturally than ever before. Infertility is a prevalent problem owing to our inactive lifestyle and other medical issues. As per the CDC report, around 6% of the married women in the USA are unable to get pregnant even after one year of unprotected intercourse.

Both male and female can be responsible for infertility related issues. But, female related infertility is well known and discussed mainly. Around 35% of infertility cases are attributed to male infertility; that is why equal importance is given to each partner while undergoing infertility treatments. Luckily, male infertility is a bit easy to tackle as opposed to female infertility.

In the female, fertility drops gradually, and after the age of 35 and after 40 years, there is a sharp decline. The success rate of conceiving with or without IVF is much lower in a woman above 40.

That is why female are urged to seek the consultation of a reproductive endocrinologist as soon as they become aware of their fertility problems.

What Cause Infertility?

1. In a woman, it can be a hormonal irregularity. The condition like PCOS (Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome) and endometriosis is commonly associated with infertility.
2. The age can be a vital factor for a woman who is unable to have babies. With age, infertility become less manageable.
3. Smoking behavior increases infertility in both male and female.
4. Over consumption of alcohol diminish fertility both in male and female.
5. A stationary lifestyle and unhealthy eating’s habits make it difficult to conceive.
6. Overweight is correlated with infertility both in male and female.

How can infertility be treated?

Infertility is not a disease, but a situation which needs medical attention at the right time.

The medical technology around the Assisted Reproduction Technology (ART) has improved drastically over the years, making it possible for many childless couples to have babies.

However, infertility treatments come with a substantial financial cost and emotional turmoil. That is why precautions are better than cure.

The conventional infertility treatments are:

1. IUI- Intrauterine Insemination
Intrauterine inseminating is the first line of treatment for couples who are struggling to have babies. It is less invasive and less costly as compared to other advanced treatment like IVF or surrogacy. In this process, sperms are washed and processed before insemination in the female partner.

2. IVF- ICSI (In vitro Fertilization)
IVF is a process in which eggs are fertilized with sperms outside the body. In this process, the female partner is stimulated under the strict protocol to produce many eggs in her ovaries. The method of stimulation can take up to 12 days.

Once ova are fully developed up to 18mm, eggs are retrieved from her body and fertilized with male partner’s sperms. The fertilized eggs are known as embryos and can be implanted in female partner uterus in the hope of implantation.

3. IVF with egg donor
In elderly female the eggs number and fertility is a main reason leading to infertility. So, fertility specialist offers a younger and healthier egg donor for IVF. The egg donor eggs are fertilized with male parent sperms and the female or gestational surrogate carry the pregnancy. In such cases, egg donor is half genetically link with the baby. The success rate of IVF process can be significantly improved with egg donor IVF.

4. IVF with Surrogacy
Some couples need the help of a gestational carrier to become parents. Surrogacy Process complicated and lengthy, and financially draining process. Any fertility services which includes third-party reproductive assistance, come with their hurdles.

Author's Bio: 

I am Neelam Chhagani and work as infertility and surrogacy consultant since 2010. I actively work with multiple IVF Clinics in multiple countries, so I can understand the challenges a fertility seeker has to go through. As it is fertility treatments are emotionally exhaustive, but higher cost just adds more fuel. My aim to educate, guide and support the childless couples who are struggling to build their families.